Welcome to It’s History! for tomorrow, Friday, April 19, 2019.
A truck full of explosives destroyed the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, killing 168 people. In 1997, Timothy McVeigh was convicted of the bombing and on June 11, 2001 he was executed by lethal injection.
On the eve of Passover, April 19, 1943, the police and SS auxiliary forces entered the Ghetto under the command of SS-Oberführer Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg, planning to clean out insurgents who had begun an uprising in January. But Jewish insurgents, who shot and launched Molotov cocktails and hand grenades at them from alleyways forced them to halt the exercise and withdraw. SS-Oberführer Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg was replaced by Brigadeführer Jürgen Stroop who proceeded with a better organized assault that included artillery support and on April 29, 1943, the Jewish resistance was crushed. Following two years of misery for thousands of Jews forced to live in the Warsaw Ghetto by the Nazi’s where they had been starved, and living with disease and deportations to concentration camps and extermination camps which had dropped the population of the ghetto from an estimated 450,000 to approximately 71,000. The Nazi’s planned effort to transport the remaining ghetto population to the Treblinka extermination camp caused the Jewish people to begin a revolt against the Nazi’s beginning on January 18th, 1943.
An assault on the Waco cult headquarters of the Branch Davidian sect near Waco, Texas ends in a deadly fire (believed to have been started by those inside) and ends with the death of 70 cult members including the cults leader Mr Koresh. The buildings have been surrounded since February when four agents with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) were killed as they attempted to arrest Mr Koresh on firearms charges.
The Worlds oldest annual marathon run in Boston, Massachusetts, United States races for the first time. The Boston Marathon ranks as one of the world’s most prestigious road racing events with an average of 20,000 taking part. The marathon is one of five members of the World Marathon Majors which include the cities of Boston, London, Berlin, Chicago and New York City.
Mae West was sentenced for an obscene stage performance to ten days in a work house and fined $500.
The combined nationalist Northern Armies under Chiang continue drive onto Peking as part of the Civil war continuing in China.
Shirley Temple appears in the American musical movie with many well known actors and actresses steals the show and goes on to appear in 10 movies in 1934 , including 4 starring roles in major feature-length films.
In the biggest show of military strength since World War I Germany pays homage to Hitler with a show of 300 tanks.
Jimmy Dorsey and his orchestra record the song “Six Lessons from Madame La Zonga.”
The New Vichy Government Headed by Pierre Laval at the bidding of his German masters in an attempt to bring the insurgent french people back into line with Nazi ruling by promising to protect the people from the Nazi Regime by gaining concessions.
The popular musical “Carousel” opens at the prominent Majestic Theatre in New York City. The production was based on the 1909 play by Ferenc Molnar about a man named Liliom and his lover, Julie.
Grace Kelly and Prince Rainier start their honeymoon on Deo Javante II 138 ft Yacht but due to heavy seas spent the night in the harbor.
On April 17th 1,500 CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles invade southern Cuba at the “Bay of Pigs” by the 19th 118 are killed and 1,202 are captured by Cuban forces. President Kennedy inherited the operation from US President Dwight D. Eisenhower and approved the operation but it has to be one of the worst planned and executed covert invasions in modern times poorly thought out, as Cuban and Soviet Forces knew almost to the day where and when the operation would occur.
Militant black students at Cornell Univ. use force to take over Willard Straight Hall demanding a black studies program, after a deal was reached with the administration the news showed students leaving the hall carrying rifles although they were never used.
Apollo 16 the fifth mission to land on the Moon with astronauts John W Young and Charles M Duke are preparing to descend from lunar orbit and land on the moons surface in the Descartes Mountains, When landed they drove an electric powered Lunar Rover to explore fully the Descartes Plateau. Young and Duke spent three days exploring the Descartes highland region and testing the Lunar Rover getting up to a top speed of eleven miles per hour which still stands as the record speed for any wheeled vehicle on the Moon.
The Simpsons which had originally been created as a series of shorts for The Tracey Ullman Show with the first showing on This Day 1987
On the 19th approximately 30 teenage perpetrators committed several attacks, assaults, and robberies in the northernmost part of New York City’s Central Park. Around the same time an attack on Trisha Meili occurred, who was jogging on her own on her usual path in Central Park shortly before 9 pm. She was raped and beaten almost to death, at 1:30 AM she was found naked, gagged, and tied up, covered in mud and blood. Five juveniles (called the “Central Park 5”) were interviewed for hours about the crime and intimidated into confessions. Since no DNA evidence tied the suspects to the crime, the prosecution’s case rested almost entirely on the confessions. They were all found guilty but the convictions were overturned in 2002 after Matias Reyes, a convicted rapist and murderer, confessed to the crime and was linked to it with DNA evidence. The city was forced to pay out $41 million in damages.
The world’s biggest pharmaceutical companies bring legal action to fight legislation which would allow generic versions of their patented drugs being made in or imported to South Africa. Following uproar around the world and the pharmaceutical industry accused of putting profit before the lives of millions of people in the developing world, they have backed out of the court battle over cheap, non-branded anti-Aids drugs and also after dropping the case, agree to sell Aids drugs at cost price in developing countries – a discount of up to 90%.
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger has been elected as the successor to Pope John Paul II The new Pope has taken the name Pope Benedict XVI and is the head of the world’s 1.1 billion Roman Catholics.
Italy’s supreme court has ruled that Romano Prodi was won the country’s general election, after the result was challenged by the standing Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi. Berlusconi made no comment on the ruling, but his aides have said that he is still refusing to concede defeat. The supreme court has confirmed a narrow win for the center-left opposition leader, nine days after polls closed. It has been thoroughly reviewing the disputed ballots.
The Iraqi Shi’ite cleric Moqtada Sadr has said that he’ll wage “open war” on the Baghdad government if it doesn’t stop its operations against his insurgents. Sadr warns that this will be the government’s “last warning”, and he has urged it to take “the path of peace”. His statement comes as Iraqi troops, with U.S. support, clash with his forces in Baghdad.
The Human Rights Watch group has said that Saudi women are being kept in perpetual childhood so that male relatives can exercise “guardianship” over them. The New York-based group says that they have to obtain permission from male relatives to work, travel, study, marry or even receive health care. The group’s report, Perpetual Minors: Human Rights Abuses Stemming from Male Guardianship and Sex Segregation in Saudi Arabia has been published today, and draws on more than one hundred interviews with Saudi women. It says that they are denied the legal right to make trivial decisions for their children, and that they can’t open bank accounts for them, enroll them in school, obtain school files or travel with them without written permission from their fathers.
An American businessman has been sentenced to ten years in prison for trying to send money to an Afghan militant training camp. Abdul Alishtari had admitted charges of financing terrorism at an earlier hearing in New York. A United States District Judge has said that he was facilitating the transfer of $152,500, believing that it would be used in Afghanistan and Pakistan to train terrorists, and understood that these funds would be used to purchase equipment needed at a terrorist training camp. The man with whom he was working to transfer the money was actually an undercover law enforcement officer.
Seventeen people died as the result of a helicopter crash in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. The helicopter carrying twenty-three people caught on fire as it approached the city of Tawang. The exact cause of the crash was unknown but officials suspected the sixteen year old helicopter had technical problems.
India successfully launched a the Agni-V long-range intercontinental ballistic missile. The missile would be capable of carrying a nuclear warhead and had a range of more than 3,100 miles. While India has denied the claim, several analysts have argued that the goal of the test was to deter China.
The Boston Lock-down started with The shelter-in-place requests for several Boston-area neighborhoods in and around the Watertown area early Friday morning and extended to the entire city around 8 a.m. ET. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev runs over his brother Tamerlan dragging him a short distance down the street. Tsarnaev’s cause of death was “gunshot wounds of torso and extremities, blunt trauma to head and torso,” and “shot by police then run over and dragged by motor vehicle.” Police trap and capture the other brother Dzhokhar Tsarnaev. The trial began in federal court in Boston on March 4, 2015 and On May 15, 2015, a verdict was reached sentencing Tsarnaev to death by lethal injection. He is currently held in ADX Florence Federal Supermax prison ( Colorado ) on death row.
The world’s oldest man Jiroemon Kimura, from Japan, celebrated his 116th birthday. Kimura was believed to be the last living person to have lived across three different centuries.
Oscar-winning actress Reese Witherspoon was arrested in Atlanta, Georgia for disorderly conduct after her husband was pulled over on suspicion of driving while drunk.
Two people have died and a third passenger was injured after the car that they were traveling exploded. Investigators were unclear as to whether the car had been targeted by an attack or if those in the car had been planning an attack of their own.